Lying in the heart of the Great Rift some 430 m below sea level, between Israel deserts and hills, the majestic Dead Sea is one of the jewels in the crown of nature. The deep lake has been well known for its healing qualities for thousands of years. Due to a shortage of water supply and over a million years of massive evaporation, the salinity of the Dead Sea gradually increased to the maximal rate of stabilization. The percentage of salt is almost 34% which places the Dead Sea among the four saltiest bodies of water on Earth.
The sea is rich in precious minerals such as potassium, bromide and magnesium – all 3 manufactured by Israeli companies to be marketed around the world. On its shores, broad deposits of the Dead Sea mud, rich with sulfur and many other minerals, are known for their healing and rejuvenating qualities.
The treasures of the Dead Sea were known to men since ancient times. Historians along the millennia describe the routes through which the Dead Sea salt was merchandised to the ancient world. The special asphalt of the sea was uniquely used in the process of mummification. Queen Cleopatra of Egypt convinced Marc Antony to give her this stripe from the province Judea. The ravishing queen was said to use the mud of the sea for preserving her own beauty. The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth at 430.5 meters (1412 feet) below sea level. It is a majestic and mysterious looking lake of light turquoise waters with salt crystals jutting out of it, and golden-brown hills surrounding it.
Dead Sea in Biblical times
The Dead Sea is mentioned in the Bible – it was famous even during that period. Several different sects of Jews used to live in the caves near the Dead Sea. The most famous of these were the Essenes, who have left us the original Bible scrolls – but more on them later. The area of Ein Gedi near the Dead Sea, which is a nature reserve today, is believed to be the area where the Biblical David, king to be, hid from King Saul when the latter came after him with the purpose of killing him.
A very well-known Biblical story which took place in the vicinity of the Dead Sea is the story of Lot’s wife. Lot, nephew of Abraham, chose to settle in a stretch of land near the kingdom of Sodom, just north of the Dead Sea. Sodom and neighboring kingdom Gomorrah were notorious for being places of wickedness and vice. Over the years, Lot became a respectable member of Sodom, married a Sodomite and was appointed mayor of the city; his daughters, too, married men of Sodom. However, God was angry with the people of Sodom, and, wishing to destroy this place of sin, sent Lot two angels to warn him of his plan. Lot and his family planned to flee and were cautioned by the angels not to look back on the city. However, Lot’s wife couldn’t resist and cast back one last look – upon which she was turned into a pillar of salt. To this day, a tall pillar standing near the Mount of Sodom is known as “Lot’s Wife”.
But the salty lake at the lowest elevation on Earth is probably best known for the story of Masada. Masada was a fortress King Herod built on a hill overlooking the Dead Sea, the remains of which can still be seen today. In 70 AD, a group of Jewish zealots fled to Masada following the destruction of the Second Temple. Unfortunately, in 73 AD, the Roman X Legion came after them; but rather than surrender, they collectively decided to commit suicide. Since then, this story has become a symbol of resistance against oppression, and Masada has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Secrets of the Dead Sea Scrolls
Last but not least, a true mystery of the Dead Sea is the Dead Sea Scrolls. As mentioned previously, these scrolls are believed to be had been written by the Essenes. The scrolls are a collection of 981 manuscripts, written between 150 BC and 70 AD, some of which were later included in the Hebrew Bible canon as well as in extra-biblical and deuterocanonical manuscripts.
Where were the Dead Sea Scrolls found? They were discovered in the Qumran Caves, 1.6 km from the Dead Sea, by Bedouin shepherds in 1946-47. In the 1950s the caves were excavated by a team of researchers, and the scrolls have been studied ever since. Today the scrolls are housed in the Shrine of the Book, an impressive edifice at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
Where is the Dead Sea?
It is located in Israel. Its hyper-salty waters and mineral-rich mud are known for their many health benefits, and many tourists and locals alike visit the hotels and spas on its beaches for mud treatments and salt baths.
Why is the Dead Sea so salty?
The Dead Sea is famously known for being one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world, and certainly the deepest hyper-saline in the world, at a depth of 304 meters (997 feet). And the reason for this high salinity? The Dead Sea is a terminus for the flow of rain and surface water, which means water flows into it but doesn’t flow out: its water has no escape, but is trapped to evaporate. Soaring summer temperatures and year-round hot dry climatic conditions make it a perfect place to spend unforgettable holidays yet lead to significant losses of water to evaporation. The water has been losing its H2O content for many years, with the minerals becoming more and more concentrated and salt prominent among them.
How did the Dead Sea get its name?
In various languages, the Dead Sea is referred to by different names, all reflective of its characteristics. Let’s take a look at all its different names and understand their origins.
The Dead Sea’s remedial virtues have always attracted travelers with skin diseases to come and attempt to cure the body while they enjoy a relaxing holiday. On top of its chemical virtues, being the lowest point on Earth is one of its greatest advantages concerning sun bathing, the best known treatment for psoriasis. Before reaching the Dead Sea surface, the radiation from the sun has to travel through extra 430 m of air with the highest condensation. The immediate surrounding of the Dead Sea may be dry, but the massive evaporation creates a constant mist that hovers some 200-300 m above the sea, naturally filtering UV and other harmful radiation. This enables safe sun bathing in the numerous solariums around the Dead Sea built especially for this purpose.
The waters of the Dead Sea rich in minerals and vitamins that do good to the skin and in some cases even heal it. To our delight, at least in terms of salt and mud, is that you can continue to enjoy it at home.
So what is so special about the salt existing in the Dead Sea?
The Dead Sea salt is rich with essential minerals like magnesium, calcium, sulfur, bromide, sodium, potassium and iodine, which have been proved in research as beneficial to the body and particularly to the body skin, the hair and the nails.
So what exactly do the minerals in the Dead Sea salts do? A fairly partial list: the magnesium heals the tissues, the sulfur, which is a natural disinfectant, accelerates hair growth, the potassium adds moisture to the skin, zinc treats and cures acne, calcium accelerates the growth of nails and bromide wakens the skin to life. Furthermore, quite a few studies have confirmed the direct connection between the Dead Sea salt and the healing of various skin diseases such as psoriasis.
Why do people float in the Dead Sea?
Salt is the reason for people’s floating in the Dead Sea, now let us elaborate: the high salt content means that the density of the water is relatively high. When a body in water is denser than the fluid, that body will sink (like a coin in a glass of water). When the density of the body is equal to that of the fluid, the body will be submerged in it but will not sink, however, when the body’s density is lower than that of the fluid, the body will float.
How to enjoy the cosmetic benefits of the Dead Sea salt at home?
So what do Dead Sea minerals do for your skin? You will be surprised at how much the use of salt at home is easy, fast and efficient. By the way, you may keep the products in the refrigerator for reuse.
How to use Dead Sea salt on the body?
You can clean your face with product from the dead sea, all of them contains dead sea salt. Enjoy all its cosmetic benefits simultaneously. Use Aromatic Scrab; Massage the body for a couple of minutes and rinse. For freshening the facial skin, it is possible to use a mask, which includes herbal extracts and natural oil. Place on the facial skin for a couple of minutes and rinse.
How much Dead Sea salt to use in bath?
The best recipe for a home spa that does good for your body and soul one bag of - Dead Sea salt, with your favorite scent. Can use at bath time the Aromatic Scrub to softens the skin. Scented candles, soothing music and eye cover will improve your overall filling.
The use of Dead Sea salt and mud for your hair
wash your hair, wipe it slightly with a towel and massage the scalp gently for about ten minutes with the Dead Sea salt, then rinse thoroughly. The result: soft, and dandruff –free hair. The best way to use dead sea mud for everyday use – is to use one of Shemen Amour Dead Sea Hair Mask.
Benefits of Dead Sea salt and mud on your hands and nails
Dip your feet in a tub with warm water and sprinkle exactly over the nails two tablespoons of Dead Sea salt, stay in the water for about twenty minutes. The result: health fingernails free of fungus and infections. Use Hand& nail cream from Shemen Amour products
Can you eat Dead Sea salt?
In its basic form, salt found in the Dead Sea is not edible, since its many minerals, especially magnesium, give it bitter taste. So how do you turn it into a quality salt that chefs are fond of in leading cuisines around the world? In order to enhance its natural data, the salt is dissolved, cleaned from its problematic materials, recrystallize and rinsed again to clean the top layer. The result: natural and quality sea salt, which is used in the leading cuisines in the world, since its advantages are numerous: its coarse grains dissolve relatively slowly, an element that preserves the freshness of food over time, it accelerates the digestion of food and is free of chemicals.
One grain – endless advantages
The variety of benefits hidden in the Dead Sea salt is enormous. If we can enjoy even part of them, externally and internally, we can certainly benefit not only our body but also our Have you ever been to the Dead Sea? If not, put it on your wish list – it is well worth the travel. At 430.5 meters (1412 feet) below sea level, it is the lowest spot on Earth; and its 34.2% salinity makes it one of the world saltiest bodies of water. The Dead Sea depth is 304 meters (997 feet), which makes it the deepest hyper-saline lake in the world.
The special features of the Dead Sea don’t end there: the lake’s waters are a light turquoise-blue color and it is surrounded by golden brown hills; here and there, bright white salt crystals jut out of the water. The mineral-rich water and mud of the Dead Sea are believed to have numerous benefits for the body, especially for skin, respiratory and arthritic conditions. For this reason, many people visit the Dead Sea every year to get special treatments at the spas surrounding it; they are joined by tourists who visit the area for its beauty, uniqueness, and luxurious spa resorts.
But the lowest place on Earth also holds many secrets and has played an important role throughout the history of the peoples of the area. If you are curious to learn more about the mysteries and legends the Dead Sea has become famous for.
Everything You Want to Know about the Dead Sea – Questions & Answers
The Dead Sea is considered one of the most intriguing areas on this planet. Want proof? Googling “the lowest place on earth” promptly yields over 7.5 million results, which is no surprise. This ancient salty lake in the center of a geological rift, surrounded by mountains and tall cliffs has been a thriving hub of trade and spa for millennia, and has always evoked awe and wondering. Currently one of Israel’s most attractive tourist locations, the Dead Sea still raises many questions by surfers. So what do they want to know? Here are some answers to your most asked questions:
How deep is the Dead Sea?
The depth of the Dead Sea is changing very rapidly for a combination of reasons: pumping for evaporation in the southern basin ponds, depletion of water sources and the difference between its southern and northern parts.
The southern – dry – basin is only 10 meters deep (at 401 meters below sea level), while the northern basin is 200 meters deep (730 meters below sea level).
The northern basin’s depth, recently measured at 793 meters below the level of the Mediterranean Sea, is the reason for its rightful title “The lowest place on earth”.
What is the Dead Sea’s level?
The ever-changing water level in the Dead Sea is influenced by several factors, such as the volume of water entering it from the Jordan River, evaporation (it being an enclosed lake) and the amount of salt in the water. In the last forty years, due to intensive pumping by the southern basin ponds, the level of water dropped from -400 to -428 meters.
How big is the Dead Sea?
The drop of sea level means that the Dead Sea’s size is not a given statistic. Recent measurements show that the Dead Sea has shrunk from 1000 km2 measurements 80 years ago to 650 km2.
How much salt is in the Dead Sea?
As befitting its other name, the Sea of Salt, the sea is rich with salts, so prepare to be surprised: the Dead Sea salt content is about 33%. This is ten times higher than any other sea in the world. To get a better perspective, the salt content in the Mediterranean Sea is a mere 3.5%.
The Sun radiation in the Dead Sea
The low location of the Dead Sea and the distance from the Sun’s rays, 430 m lower from sea level, you can spend hours under the Dead Sea Sun without getting sunburn.
Can you walk on the Dead Sea?
Despite its very high salt content, Dead Sea water would not give you super natural powers, but remember, even though you cannot walk on the Dead Sea water, you may definitely float on it.
How long can you stay in the Dead Sea water?
How long you can stay in the Dead Sea water is highly individual. Some may quickly adjust to the water, while for others the water’s extreme saltiness may cause a burning sensation. It is therefore very important that you listen to your body. Being in the Dead Sea water raises blood pressure, so pregnant women had better sit in the water for only a few minutes or, better still, avoid it altogether.
Does anything live in the Dead Sea?
Many researchers have pondered over this question. Its very name, the Dead Sea, indicates no life, however, after much study and numerous tests, it appears that this premise is incorrect. There are living creatures that survive in the lake’s salty water, mainly microorganisms and algae, some of which play an important part in various Dead Sea related industries such as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals
How to use dead sea Mud?
People use Dead Sea Mud to treat health conditions ranging from psoriasis to back pain.
A great deal of research backs up claims that Dead Sea Mud can relieve pain, reduce inflammation, Helps improve Psoriasis Treat Eczema and skin redness. The Dead Sea Mud and Dead Sea Mud product will do more than increase your skin's softness; it also can be used to help people with more serious skin issues.
People who suffer with dermatological conditions such as eczema and psoriasis find that the application of Dead Sea mud to afflicted areas not only reduces swelling.
The Dead Sea mud also vastly reduces the itching, making it an effective holistic treatment.
Apply the Dead Sea mud like you would apply it for facial beauty purposes. Dead Sea mud can be applied as a compress to psoriasis flares. Researchers have established Trusted source that the high concentrations of salt and other chemical compounds in the mud can be used to treat psoriasis effectively.
Using Dead Sea mud as a mud compress in areas where your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis is, can decrease symptoms and relieve pain caused by inflammation.
Reduces skin impurities-
If you have dry skin, try a Dead Sea mud mask. Mud masks can work to remove impurities and dead skin on your body.
An added benefit of Dead Sea mud is that the salt and magnesium in it can improve your skin’s functionality by making it a better barrier and more elastic. Dead Sea Salt and Mud has also been shown as a treatment to make skin healthier.
-Provides relief for arthritis
In one experiment heated mud packs were applied to the extremities of people with arthritis for 20 minutes, once per day, over a span of 2 weeks. This study used Dead Sea mud and people saw a marked decrease in their arthritis symptoms that lasted up to three months.
People with inflammatory arthritis, like rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis, are more likely to experience this benefit. Use dead sea Active Massage Cream – for pain relief.
-Helps soothe chronic back pain
indicated that a Dead Sea mud compress applied five times a week for three consecutive weeks, led to a significant improvement in symptoms for people with chronic lower back pain. Further research is still needed with a greater sample size to confirm these findings. Use dead sea Active Massage Cream – for pain relief.
- Helps treat Acne
Dead Sea Mud has been tested and proven to have an antimicrobial effect on strains of bacteria that live on human skin. Since overgrowth or presence of certain bacteria can lead to acne, it’s possible that this is why Dead Sea mud has been used to treat breakouts since biblical times.
Using Dead Sea mud in a mud mask, or getting face creams and lotions that contain Dead Sea mud, might help you to have fewer breakouts.
Dead Sea mud has been proven to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that make it useful in mud packs and cosmetics. Can be used in Soaps and creams with Mud.
How to Use Dead Sea Mud Mask
Dead Sea mud, filled with minerals like magnesium, calcium, and iron, is well-known for its therapeutic and beauty effects. You can spread the black mud, on your face and body to improve the health and look of your skin and even lessen joint pain. The mud's healing properties derive from the unique salinity and minerals in the Dead Sea, which is located in Israel, on the West Bank.
Preparing the Face for Dead Sea Mud MASK
1. Wash your face. With Shemen Amour Facial Peeling Before you apply the Dead Sea mud to your face, clean your face thoroughly with water and open your pores with a warm cloth.
Remove any makeup or grease that’s on your face. Use Foaming Soap PH 5.5 to remove make up. Then, put a washcloth in hot water and wring it out.
Place the washcloth on your face, and gently use it to wipe your skin. You want it to feel warm but not too hot.
Leave the cloth on your face until it cools down, which should take about half a minute. The warmth of the cloth should open your pores.
The Dead Sea mud mask is often mixed together with other oils for increased softness of the skin.
Apply Dead Sea musk on you face, use small circular movements to apply the mud mask to your face. Be very careful to avoid getting it in the area of your eyes. Use upward motions to apply the mud.
The mud minimizes pores and is said to reduce wrinkles!
Moisturize your eyes. It’s important to moisturize your eyes before applying the Dead Sea mask. That’s because the skin around your eyes is thinner and more delicate.
Take a couple drops of DEAD SEA SERUM and apply it gently to the skin around your eyes. Be careful not to get it in your eyes.
You will naturally apply the oil more gently if you use your ring fingers when touching the area around your eyes.
Take care not to press too hard on the eye area as it’s sensitive. The oil will also protect your eyes when the mask is applied. Also, avoid getting the mud around or in your eyes but also avoid areas of the face that you regularly wax.
Start by applying the mud to your face using your fingers. Remember to apply it in a thin layer. Use small circular movements to apply the mud mask to your face. Be very careful to avoid getting it in the area of your eyes. Use upward motions to apply the mud.
Skipping the eye area, apply the mud thinly and uniformly throughout your entire face, including underneath your chin. If you have a breakout on any area of your skin, also skip that part.
Let absorbed for 10 minutes.
then wash it off with warm water
Complete treatment with Mud Face Cream
Dead Sea Mud line for Face and Body
Dead Sea mud isn’t only used to make your face softer; you can also use it to reduce joint and muscle pain. Dead Sea mud has 26 minerals in it!
Heat the mud by putting the mud over a pan of steaming water. You want it to be a little bit higher than body temperature.
Smear the warmed up mud on your body and any muscles or joints that are hurting. Massage the mud into the areas, Apply the mud to your knees, elbows or other joints that are afflicted with osteoarthritis. This mineral-rich mud pack has been proven by researchers at the Ben Gurion University of the Negev in Israel to reduce inflammation in the joints.
Let the mud dry naturally on your body. This should take about 12-15 minutes. If the mud takes a lot longer to dry, then you’ve probably slathered it on too thick. It’s best to sit up while it dries, but if you do lie down, rest your body on a towel. and then wash it off with warm water. The mud should remove impurities from your skin, detoxify it, and cleanse it. Your skin should feel softer and more elastic after the mud has been applied and then removed. It should look brighter.
The mud will tighten pores, remove excess skin oil, and the salt in it should get rid of any surface bacteria which lowers the number of breakouts you could get.
It’s natural for your skin to feel a little tingly as the mask starts to dry. Don’t worry about it unless you feel a stronger burning sensation.
Rinse off the mud. Once the mud has dried, it’s time to remove it from your skin. This shouldn’t be very difficult to do.
Use warm water to rinse the mud from your skin like you would any other mask. It may take some time rinsing the body to remove all the mud.
Dry your body by patting it down with a towel or other clean cloth.
To complete the treatment, apply a MUD moisturizer Day, Eye, Night face cream and to treat your body skin, MUD Hand, Body and Foot cream.
Use the Dead Sea MUD weekly.